What is a bill of lading in freight shipping?
The bill of lading is a required document to move a freight shipment. The bill of lading (BOL) works as a receipt of freight services, a contract between a freight carrier and shipper and a document of title. The bill of lading is a legally binding document providing the driver and the carrier all the details needed to process the freight shipment and invoice it correctly.
When you book a shipment with us, the freight bill of lading is automatically generated based on the shipment details entered during the quoting and booking process. The bill of lading should be provided to the carrier on pick up.
Sample freight bill of lading:
What's in a freight bill of lading?
- Names and complete addresses of the shipper and receiver (consignee)
- P.O. or special reference numbers used for order tracking
- Special instructions for the carrier
- Date of the shipment
- Number of shipping units
- Type of packaging, including cartons, pallets, skids and drums
- Description of items being shipped, including material of manufacture and common name
- NMFC freight classification for the items being shipped
- Exact weight of the shipment –weight of each commodity is listed separately if multiple commodities are being shipped
- Department of Transportation hazardous material designation –special rules & requirements apply when shipping hazardous materials